Sejo Ice Cream

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Sejo Ice Cream.pngThe Al-Tro park program from 1909 included this ad for Sejo Ice Cream, which made us curious because we'd never heard of it. Perhaps we never heard of it because it was sold only at the ice cream cone stands at Altro Park (it was styled both with and without hyphens; and if you don't know about Al-Tro, it was a fabulous amusement park in its day, on the river in Menands, reachable by steamboat from both Albany and Troy).

So fancy it had its own march and two-step, perhaps it's not surprising Al-Tro also had its own ice cream. Unfortunately, we can't find much about Sejo, and don't even know what the name means. It was located on Front Street at the foot of Fulton in Troy (though those don't intersect anymore, making pinpointing it difficult), and was partially destroyed by fire May 13, 1910; the Ice Cream Trade Journal noted that "the stock of tubs is a total loss." After that, it went into receivership, owing the Union National Bank a sum of money. There was a court case revolving around the insurance claim that is like a rash on Google, but it tells us little more about Sejo. An entry in the 1909 Troy directory tells us its up-to-date plant was a model of cleanliness, and that they had the same number on both phone systems, but that's about it. Its directory listing doesn't say anything about being exclusive to Altro Park, however.

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Uncle Sam

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UncleSam_Full.pngJust in time for Independence Day, Gettysburg Flag Works sent us a note highlighting their recent blog entry with a brief history of ol' Sam Wilson, who put the "Sam" in "Uncle Sam."  The full entry is here.

Gettysburg Flag Works is located in East Greenbush, not too far from the encampment where, during the War of 1812, it is believed that the provisions stamped for the "U.S." crossed up with the nickname "Uncle Sam," and the appellation for our national symbol was born. Although one of the cantonment buildings still stands as a private residence, East Greenbush doesn't say much about its role in history; Troy, on the other hand, is all about Uncle Sam Wilson, and the graphic at left includes a number of Uncle Sam-related sites in the Collar City.

A dust-up among bakers

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bakerlandsinjail.pngJust one of those things that catches the eye: an article from the Sept. 14, 1927 Albany Evening News described a fight between bakers:

"Mixing fists and a rolling pin, instead of dough, brought John Novak, thirty-two, 26 Bassett street, a baker employed at the Star bakery, into police court today charged with assault, third degree. Against him appeared Moses Herman, thirty-five, Lancaster street, a fellow baker, who had a somewhat pummeled appearance. He said Novak attacked him with his fists and the implement of their trade during an argument last night."

The article doesn't say where the dust-up occurred, but 200 spectators were on the scene.

Moses Herman was a Russian immigrant, born about 1888, who reported his native tongue as Yiddish. He lived in Albany at least through 1935, but by 1940 was practicing the baker's trade in New York City and living on Quincy Street in Brooklyn.  He may have gone back and forth between New York and Albany, for in 1930 he can also be found in Queens.  He doesn't appear to have married.

I don't find a John Novak that I'm satisfied is a good match, but the Novaks that were in Albany, mostly listed as laborers, were Polish, Lithuanian, and Czech.

The mystery of Ivanhoe Bland

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Happened to be looking through the 1920 Albany City Directory, as one does, and looked up an address where I spent a lot of time over the past couple of decades. I knew that the building currently there had not been there that far back, and that there had been a little neighborhood of brick row houses on Monroe Street back before it turned into some warehouses and factories (and now back into housing again). And at 25 Monroe Street, I noticed the name of one Ivanhoe Bland, dyer and cleaner. It would be hard not to want to know more about someone bearing that moniker.

It seems that Ivanhoe Bland was of African-American descent, of a family that generally only spent a bit of time in the Capital District, but which produced one quite famous person.

The family patriarch was Allen M. Bland, who was born  in South Carolina (likely Charleston), with potential birthdates ranging from 1827 to 1836. He is marked as "mulatto" in the census, and is said to have been one of the first African-American college graduates. He is in fact listed in Oberlin College's "Catalogue and Record of Colored Students," 1835-62, and is listed as for the years 1845-48; with his name is the description "(taught in New Jersey many years; useful)." (The first student in the catalogue was James Bradley in 1835.) Beyond that, the life of Allen Bland is a little hard to track with certainty. It is known that he lived in Mannington, NJ in 1850, and Flushing, New York in 1854, but had moved with his family to Troy by 1857. With him there in 1860, when he was listed as 26 years old, were his wife, Lydia Ann Cromwell (24), who was from Delaware; daughters Frances (8) and Mary A. (6); sons James (5) and "Ivenko" (Ivanhoe, aged 3), and a one-year-old child with a name that probably wasn't Tansant, which is what the census-taker wrote down. Frances, James, Ivanhoe and the youngest were born in New York; Mary was born in Tennessee. the family lived at 54 Albany Street in Troy; that's now called Broadway. He was listed as the principal of the Third Ward School, noted as "African," on Seventh Street.

In 1860, Allen is briefly mentioned in a letter, "Our Albany Letter," published by correspondent "Justice" in a newspaper called The Weekly Anglo-African. Dated April 2, 1860, the letter includes: "Allen M. Bland, Esq., of Troy, paid us a flying visit yesterday."

He was still in Troy in 1862. It is claimed that after a stop in Philadelphia, he moved to Washington, DC, where Allen Bland was the earliest known African American appointed as an examiner in the U.S. Patent Office, though some researchers have been unable to confirm that claim. He was also said to have attended law school at Howard University, but to have become a tailor near Howard. He is listed as a teacher in Newark, NJ's city directory in 1863. He is listed as a merchant tailor in the 1865 Washington, DC directory, and in several other years. He is listed in the census for Charleston, SC in 1880, living with mother Frances; he's a tailor and she's a seamstress. The rest of his family is not there. He's listed in the Charleston directory as a tailor in 1882. In the 1893 Washington, DC directory, Lydia is listed as the widow of Allen, living at 1632 R St. NW.

James A. Bland became very famous, known as "the black Stephen Foster" and "The World's Greatest Minstrel Man," touring the United States, working as a singer and banjo player in London for 20 years.  He wrote at least 50 songs (and perhaps many, many times more under other names); the best-known of them all was "Carry Me Back to Old Virginny," which was the state song of Virginia until 1997. Unfortunately, after minstrel music fell out of favor, James seems to have fallen into obscurity, dying in Philadelphia in 1911; he is buried in Bala Cynwyd.

Of Ivanhoe, who started this inquiry, we know very little. It appears that he was born around 1855. In 1905, he was living at 206 W. 27th St. in Manhattan, working as a tailor; his wife Mary was an at-home dressmaker, and 19-year-old daughter Maud was listed as at school. As noted above, in 1920, Ivanhoe was in the city directory at 25 Monroe, as a dyer and cleaner. In 1925, Ivanhoe and "Mattie" were lodgers in the home of Ralph Vedder at 100 Orange St. in Albany. Ivanhoe was now listed as a cleaner and dyer, and his wife was still a dressmaker. That home was at the corner of Orange and Cross Street, later known as Theater Row, just around the corner from where he had been five years before. But by 1930, Mary was living at 24 S. Swan, with John and Leonora Bland (perhaps her son?), and is listed as the widow of Ivanhoe.

I went into this with the assumption that Ivanhoe is the son of Allen and the brother of James; one of the brief biographies of James mentions his brother Ivanhoe. Confusingly, there is an Ivanhoe Bland buried in Troy's Mt. Ida cemetery. This Ivanhoe died Jan. 10, 1860, aged 4 years, 7 months and 7 days. oven the timing, it's certain that this Ivanhoe was the child of Allen and Lydia, who arrived in Troy that year. The census records on the Ivanhoe who survived to adulthood are, unfortunately, imprecise about his age. In Manhattan in 1905, he's listed as 39 years old, so born about 1866, when Allen and Lydia were already back in DC. In the 1925 census in Albany, he's listed as 52, which would give a birth year of 1873 or so. If he is the son of Allen and Lydia, and their second son named Ivanhoe (it wasn't uncommon then to give a child the name of one who predeceased him), why did he come back to the Albany area long after they had moved on?

It gets more confusing. In 1870, "Allan" and "Lilly"  are living in Washington, DC. Their places of birth, South Carolina and Delaware, and their ages seem to make them our Allen and Lydia. Allen is listed as a clerk in the patent office. (By the way, he lists real estate worth $2000 and $100 in personal estate). With them are Mary, 16, born in Pennsylvania, and James, 15, born in New York and going to school. Next in the household is someone listed as "Taxout E," a 12-year-old male born in New York and also at school. Taxout would appear to be the surname. Below that, appearing to share the same surname under census conventions, are an Ivanhoe, age 9, and Josiah, age 7. All are listed as "mulatto." Also living in the house is William Fuller, a white male age 30 who was a clerk in the Interior Department.

The "Taxout" surname would appear to just be a mistake; it doesn't occur anywhere else in the census, ever. This is most likely the same child that a census-taker had as "Tansent" or something similar in Troy in 1860. Ivanhoe, born in New York around 1861, is most likely the second child that the Blands gave that name, the first having died in 1860.

Even that 1861 birthdate doesn't align well with Albany's Ivanhoe Bland, who barely appears in the records available to us. Outside of these censuses, we only know one date with certainty. The Albany Evening News listed his death as September 13, 1927. From this, we also learn that he was a member of the Black Elks, the Improved Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks of the World, founded in Ohio in 1899 when the other Elks would not accept blacks. (The white BPOE fought the IBPOE of W, quite unpleasantly, until 1918, but still didn't allow black members until 1976.) "Relatives and friends, also the members of Empire State lodge, No. 272, I.B.P.O.E. of W., also the Daughters of Loyal Temple lodge, No. 148, are respectfully invited to attend his funeral Friday afternoon at 2 o'clock at 38 grand street. Remains may be seen Thursday evening." Even in this notice, we don't get his age (apparently the style at the time).

I wanted to shed a little light on an obscure life from Monroe Street, but I'm not sure that's possible.
 

Troy, 1836: The Salubrious City

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In 1836, J. Disturnell of New York City published "The Traveller's Guide through the State of New York, Canada, &c." The title wound on for a while, as was the fashion at the time. In addition to its description of Albany, the guide had a little bit to say about Troy as well.

Troy, 6 miles north of Albany on the east side of the river, is the head of steamboat navigation, although sloops ascend through the State-lock situated at the upper end of Troy to Lansingburgh 3 miles, and Waterford, 4 miles north of Troy. The city of Troy is elegantly laid out on a plain considerably elevated above the Hudson, and contains a population of about 17,000 inhabitants. A large proportion of the trade of the Erie and Champlain canals enters at Troy, this city being conveniently situated near the junction of those important channels of communication. In the city and vicinity are numerous cotton, iron, and other manufactories, besides flouring mills, breweries, &c. The public buildings are the Court House, (one of the handsomest in the U.S., built of stone, in the Grecian style of architecture,) several elegant Churches, a Market-House, four Banks, &c. The Troy Female Seminary is situated on the public square, and is a plain but spacious brick edifice. The principal Hotels in Troy, are the Troy House, Mansion House, National Hotel, City Hotel, Mechanic's Hall, and Washington Hall. The river is crossed at Troy by convenient Horse Ferry Boats, and from the opposite village of West Troy [Watervliet], on the Erie canal, (which place has arisen within a few years, by the capital and enterprise of the citizens of Troy,) there commences a Macadamised road, the best in the State, which extends to Albany. The communication between Albany and Troy, by stages and steamboats, is half hourly, during the day. Steamboats leave daily for New-York, and stages and canal boats leave almost hourly for the north and west.

There is no place on the banks of the Hudson which presents more of the agreeable and interesting than this beautiful city. Situated at the head of navigation, on one of the noblest rivers, it naturally commands an extensive profitable trade from the north and west, and it possesses facilities for its increase scarcely rivaled by any place in the union. Its population must now amount to at least seventeen thousand, and its annual increase surpasses the most sanguine expectations of those who, but a few years since, beheld it comparatively a desolate place in the midst of a wilderness. Confident of its future growth and importance, they exerted themselves to extend its business and influence, and have lived to see their early efforts, for its prosperity and reputation as a city, crowned with success, and their fondest expectations more than realized in its present rank and standing among sister cities. As a place of residence, either temporary or permanent, it presents many inducements, and in point of locality, salubrity, and beauty, is surpassed by no city in the United States. The enterprize [sic] of its merchants and mechanics is proverbial, and no compliment of ours can add to their well earned and established reputation in their respective departments of business. But it is not in these respects only that the place excites attention, and commends itself to the notice of the public. There are other causes that contribute to its prosperity, and other circumstances that indicate its growing importance. Possessed of extensive water power on the neighbouring streams, which flow into the Hudson in the vicinity of the place, it will naturally increase its mechanical and manufacturing operations in proportion to the increase of its population and business; and the consequent demand for the products of such labour, even to the remotest extremities of the channels of trade leading to the city. The turnpike and McAdam roads to Bennington, and the railroad to Ballston and Saratoga, are completed; these, together with a railroad to Schenectady, and a branch railroad to intersect one from Boston; when finished, the means of communication with this city, from all sections of the country, will be most easy and expeditious.

The Rensselaer and Saratoga Railroad leaves Troy at Federal street, by the aid of the bridge which crosses the Hudson river, extending from that street to Green Island. The length of the bridge is 1600 feet. It forms eight arches, exclusive of a capacious draw section. The piers, or abutments, are cut stone from Glen's Falls, Poughkeepsie, and Amsterdam. The bridge stands 30 feet above high water mark. Its frame, built of timber, is 34 feet wide, and well covered. From the bridge to Waterford, four and a half mile, the railroad crosses three spouts of the Mohawk river upon durable bridges erected upon stone abutments. Passing directly through Waterford the road follows along the margin of the Hudson to Mechanicsville, eight miles. From thence it verges and runs westerly twelve miles to Ballston Spa. The greatest ascent in any one mile on the line of the road is 25 feet. On the first twelve and a half miles, from Troy to Mechanicsville, the average ascent is less than 10 feet per mile. Upon Green Island, which, by the bridge, is connected with the city, a site has been selected and laid out for a large business place. It is called "North Troy." The capital of the Rensselaer and Saratoga railroad Company is $300,000, and this sum, it is believed, will be nearly sufficient to complete the 24½ miles of the railroad, erect a bridge across the Hudson, and three bridges across as many spouts of the Mohawk.

Screen Shot 2015-06-17 at 12.13.35 PM.pngIn 1836, J. Disturnell of New York City published "The Traveller's Guide through the State of New York, Canada, &c." The title wound on for a while, as was the fashion at the time. The guide gave a thorough description of travel up the Hudson, which we may touch on another day, and provided a snapshot of Albany as it stood in 1836:

Albany, the capital of the State of New-York, is eligibly situated on the west bank of the Hudson river, 145 miles north of New-York, 164 west of Boston, 225 south of Montreal, and 296 east of Buffalo, lat. 42, 28, N. long 73, 62, W. Since the completion of the Erie and Champlain Canals, in 1825, this city has much increased in population and trade. A large number of steam-boats and sloops are constantly employed in conveying freight and passengers between Albany and New-York during the season of navigation. There are also several thousand canal-boats which trade to this place by the Erie and Champlain canals. The city of Albany contained in 1835, a population of 28,109 inhabitants. The State House, situated at the head of State-street, about half a mile from the steam-boat landing, is a commanding object to the stranger, Also, the City-Hall, a few rods north-east, and the Albany Academy, directly north of the Capitol. There are 20 places of public worship, many of them elegant buildings, besides a number of fine edifices for the use of the city; Incorporated Companies, Seminaries, &c., also, six banks, three Insurance Companies, besides many other incorporated and unincorporated institutions. The principal Hotels in Albany are the Eagle Tavern, American Hotel, Adelphia Hotel, Congress Hall, City-Hotel, Mansion House, Bement's Hotel, Park-Place House, Fort Orange Hotel, and Montgomery Hall. Steam-boats for the conveyance of passengers leave every morning and afternoon for New-York, stopping at the intermediate landings. The carriages and cars on the rail road for Schenectady start from State-street every few hours: canal boats are hourly leaving for the west and north, and stages are continually starting for the north, east, and west.

Aided by natural and artificial means, Albany has become one of the greatest thoroughfares in the union; her prosperity is now great, but for the future, the prospects of Albany are still more encouraging. The rail-road from Schenectady to Utica is now constructing, and will be completed the present season, thus extending the rail-road communication 100 miles west. Rail-roads are also constructing between Syracuse and Auburn, and between Rochester and Batavia, which will so far complete the line of rail-roads to Buffalo, that it is easy to foresee that but a short time can elapse before a continuous line will be established to Lake Erie, thus making the spring and winter facilities of transportation nearly equal to those of the summer. A company is now engaged in making surveys for a rail-road from Albany to Stockbridge in Massachusetts, which with the contemplated rail-road from Stockbridge to connect with the Boston and Worcester rail-road, will form a chain of rail-road communication between Albany and Boston, which will be of great advantage to this city, especially in the winter, when the intercourse by water with New-York is suspended. When all these roads are completed, and there is no doubt they will soon be, there will be a line of rail-road communication from Boston to Buffalo; from the Atlantic to the western lakes, of which Albany will be the business centre.

While private enterprise is doing so much to improve the communication with the west, the state government, by a late law, has authorized an enlargement of the Erie Canal, and the construction of double locks, which it is supposed will have the effect to reduce the price of  transportation 30 to 40 per cent., and greatly to augment it in quantity.

The present rate of toll on 1000 pounds of flour from Buffalo to Albany is $1.62½. The reduction will bring it to less than one half the cost, for the same distance by any other route, and the valley of the Mohawk must continue to be, as it always has been, the natural and easiest channel of commerce with the west, and Albany the depot where the exchange takes place between the productions of the interior, for those of the sea coast and of foreign countries. This exchange will be much facilitated by the improvement now making in the navigation of the Hudson, by the United States government. The removal of the bar at the Overslaugh, which is the object of this improvement, will, when completed, deepen the channel to about twelve feet, and will give to this place a West India trade, in which the productions of the islands, consumed in the west, will be exchanged for the produce brought down the canal, without being burdened by landing, storage and reshipment at New-York.

The Mohawk and Hudson Railroad commences at Albany, near the Capitol, at the head of State-street; and extends to Schenectady, a distance of 15 miles. A branch also approaches the Hudson River below the city, where the company have erected extensive warehouses for freight. This was the first railroad chartered in the State of New-York; it was commenced in 1830. The plan and profile are admirably designed, and justify the great expense which the heavy embankments and excavations have required. The greatest height of embankment is 44 feet; and the deepest excavation is 47 feet. The summit is 335 feet above the Hudson. There are two stationary engines, one near each end of the road. Locomotive engines are mostly in use, although horses are occasionally used.

Saratoga and Schenectady Railroad commences at Schenectady and extends to Saratoga Springs, via. Ballston Spa. This road was commenced September, 1831. Its length is 21½ miles. The road is mostly level, and in no case does the inclination exceed 16 feet to the mile. Steam power is used to great advantage in propelling the cars, often proceeding at the rate of 30 miles per hour.

Screen Shot 2015-06-10 at 10.02.49 PM.pngIn the Troy directory for 1860, we find this listing for Mrs. Mary Entwistle, Clairvoyant Physician. She lived at 611 River Street, and that is all we want to know about her. Jaded readers will be unsurprised to learn that some clairvoyant physicians were subject to malpractice suits. It would be nice to think we've moved past this, but of course we haven't.

Where's my fire bucket?

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So, yesterday we established that if you were a homeowner or landlord in 1800 Albany, you were expected to supply leather buckets in good working order for use in fighting fires, and that the number of buckets you were to supply was essentially N-1, where N was the number of fireplaces in the dwelling. (Negative numbers were not considered for enforcement purposes.) From time to time, those buckets had to be put to use, and you were expected to pony up your buckets to help in fighting fires. That's why putting your initials on them was one of the requirements. "All buckets used for the purpose of extinguishing fires, if the same shall not be claimed by the owners thereof, shall, within forty-eight hours after such fire is extinguished, be sent to the city-hall of the said city, and committed to the custody of the keeper of the gaol [jail], to be by him retained till the owner thereof shall claim and take the same; and that if any person other than the said gaoler, shall retain any such bucket, not being the other thereof, longer than forty-eight hours after such fire shall be extinguished, he or she shall forfeit the sum of one dollar."

Also, the law ordained that "when and as often as any accident by fire shall happen in the said city, the Mayor, Recorder, Aldermen and Assistants, shall respectively, wear across their shoulders a white linen sash, of at least the breadth of three inches; and the Mayor, Recorder, or any one of the Aldermen, or any one of the Assistants, shall and may require and direct all and every person present, at or near such fire, to employ and exert himself for the extinguishment of such fire, in such manner as such Mayor, Recorder, Aldermen or Assistant shall point and direct; and if any person so being present at or near such fire, shall neglect or refuse to comply with such direction of such Mayor, Recorder, Aldermen or Assistant, he shall forfeit and pay the sum of two dollars and fifty cents." So, fire in the city, on go the sashes, and you have to do what the guys wearing the sashes tell you to do.

How were fires to be prevented, besides the inspection of fireplaces and leather buckets? Well, there were some rules. For one thing, it was ordained that no hay or straw should be put or kept in stacks in any yard or garden, "or in any place than in a close building." It was also ordained that no hay, straw or Indian corn-stalks were to be within five feet of any chimney, hearth or fireplace, at risk of a penalty of $1.25 for every 48 hours the condition persisted.

Additionally, there were restrictions on another cause of fire - it was ordained "that if any person shall fire or discharge any gun, pistol, rocket, cracker, squib or other fire-work, in any street, lane or alley, or in any yard, garden or other inclosure, or in any place which persons frequent to walk, within the limits of the said city, such person shall forfeit for every such offence the sum of fifty cents; and on neglect or refusal to pay such forfeiture (if such offender has no goods or chattels) such offender shall be committed to the common gaol of the said city, there to remain for the space of three days, unless such forfeiture be sooner paid." Again, since this language was concentrated within the general provisions on fire, we can assume the concern wasn't that someone in the city was going to get shot, but that gunfire or fireworks could start a fire.

 

A Law to Prevent Accidents by Fire

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ALawtoPreventAccidentsbyFire.pngIn 1800, the Charter of the City of Albany and the Laws and Ordinances, Ordained and Established the bye Mayor, Aldermen and Commonality of said City were published. First in the section of laws was "A Law to Prevent Accidents by Fire," which was an elaborate set of rules aimed at preventing one of the most dangerous scourges of the 18th century.

First it provided that the mayor could appoint in every ward two freeholders "who shall be called Inspectors," and that "if any person appointed an inspector, shall neglect to take upon him the execution of the duties of the said office, he shall forfeit the sum of five dollars." The job of the inspectors was to, at least once in every two weeks, carefully examine and inspect all "chimnies, hearths, stoves, stove-pipes, ash-houses, and other places in which fire or ashes shall be kept, within any part of the ward for which they shall be appointed." If they found that any chimney needed cleansing, repairing or securing, or that any hearth, stove, stove-pipe, or ash-house was dangerous or not properly secured, they could give notice that it be fixed within two days. There was also the task of inspecting the leather buckets required by law (to be used for carrying water in the event of fire); the inspectors were to check every two weeks whether "the several persons enjoined to furnish leather buckets are possessed of the requisite number - and whether the same are in good order."

The law also required that every stovepipe through any wooden floor, roof, or partition be at least an inch and a half distant from the wood, and that it should be "conducted into a chimney, wherever it can be done without great inconvenience."

If your chimney were to "take fire and burn for want of cleaning or properly securing the same," you would be fined $2.50 for each occurrence, but the inspectors would be punished too, forfeiting sixty-two cents and five mills, and an additional $1.25 for failing to perform any of their other duties. (Imagine if inspectors shared in the penalties today.)

There was a strict requirement that every house with two or more fireplaces keep leather buckets in good order and repair. For two fireplaces, you were required to have one bucket; for four, two; for five, three, for six, five buckets; and for every house having more than six fireplaces, five buckets for the first six fireplaces and one bucket for every fireplace more than six. Regardless of the number, the buckets "shall be marked at least with the initial letters of the owner's name and sirname [sic]; that if such buckets shall be provided by any tenant or tenants, it shall be at the expence [sic] of his, her or their landlord or landlords; and that if any owner or tenant as aforesaid, shall neglect or refuse to procure or keep in good order and repair the leather buckets which he or she shall in and by this law be required to furnish, such owner or Tenant shall forfeit and pay the sum of seventy-five cents for every bucket deficient . . . and the further sum of 37 cents 5 mills for every ten days such bucket shall remain deficient or not in good order and repair as aforesaid..."

 This one goes out to everyone who thinks that wildly detailed bureaucracy and laws are something new, and to those who say that gender-inclusive language is just a sign of political correctness.

From British Pathé, another historic view of Albany's riverfront, this time from 1931. The title is "Albany to New York -- 117 outboards race 136 miles," but this brief bit of newsreel only shows the first couple of minutes, giving us some fabulous views of both the Albany and Rensselaer riverfronts. On the Albany side, we first see the long-gone Maiden Lane bridge, with the Albany Yacht Club structures just to its left. Before that on the left, we can see Steamboat Square, complete with one of the big steam liners that plied the river in those days. The camera turns as it focuses in one one of the individual speedboats (which look like the driver would take a hell of a bruising over the course of 136 miles), and we again see the Maiden Lane, this time on its Rensselaer end, and we get a river's level view of the city of Rensselaer, which hasn't changed hugely since this was made. Then we see the Maiden Lane bridge again, with its swing span in the center. On the backs of some of the industrial buildings of Rensselaer, we see a sign for Freihofer Bread (originally from Philadelphia, by the way) and Peter Schuyler Cigars. At about 48 seconds, we return to a view of the Albany side, and see the rooftop sign of the Blue Ribbon Potato Chip Company and then Ward Coffee. A boat passes under the original Dunn Memorial Bridge, and we're done.

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